How to draw graphical shapes
graphical shapes are used to draw links between individual components of electric wiring diagrams, such as mechanical links between individual components, border lines around individual functional units, etc.
Individual graphical shapes to be drawn may be selected from the
Draw menu or by pressing the corresponding soft button on the toolbar.
Do one of the following to switch to
- press the
Esckey on the keyboard
- click this icon:
- move mouse pointer to the toolbar area in the upper part of the main window
First select the line graphic object from the
Draw menu. Then click the left mouse button at the starting point of your line, drag the mouse to the end point of your line and press the left mouse button. You can now start drawing another line or select a new graphic object from the menu.
First select the polyline graphic object from the
Draw menu. Then click the left mouse button at the starting point of your line, drag the mouse to the next point of your line, press the left mouse button, drag the mouse to the next point, etc. After you have completed drawing the polyline, press the Esc key.
Use this function to draw one or several linked Bezier curves. The curves are automatically linked together to get a smooth link.
First select the curve graphic object from the
Draw menu. Then click the left mouse button at the starting point of your curve, drag the mouse to the next point of your curve, press the left mouse button, drag the mouse to the next point of the curve, etc. After you have completed drawing the curve, press the Esc key.
The Bezier curve shape is defined by 4 points: two end points and two control points. The ends of the curve are defined by the two end points. The curve shape also depends on the control points, which act like magnets. Based on the distance of the control points from the end points the shape of the curve is defined. Therefore the curve may take many different shapes.
First select the rectangle graphic object from the
Draw menu. Then click the left mouse button at the rectangle left upper corner, drag the mouse to the right bottom point of your rectangle and press the left mouse button. You can now start drawing another rectangle or select a new graphic object from the menu.
The procedure is similar to drawing a rectangle except a third point, which is used here to define rectangle rounding.
Arc, chord and pie
Proceed in the same way as when drawing a rectangle but you will also need to set up the starting and end angles of the arc. Enter the values of the angles in the Properties panel in tenths of degree.
The procedure is similar to rectangle drawing but the inscribed ellipse is drawn instead of the rectangle.
Draws a polygon.
Click successively at the places where you want the vertices of the polygon to be located. After you have completed drawing the polygon, press the
Outlet can be inserted only in symbols editor (documents with extension ".ppd"). It is defined by one point. It is displayed in red color to be easily visible and it is larger when it is selected.
How to draw arrows
Draw a line, Bezier curve or an arc and select type of the arrow in the Properties panel.
The direction of the arrow can be changed by clicking on the link
flip arrow in the bottom part of the Properties panel.
Orthogonal drawing mode
Orthogonal drawing mode is activated by pressing
Ctrl key when drawing objects.
Lines are drawn vertically, horizontally or with angle 45°. Rectangles and ellipses
are drawn as squares and circles in this mode.
Ability to add or remove points of a line or a polygon
This function allows adding to or removing points of a line or a polygon.
- Select line or polygon.
- Select menu command
Edit – Add or delete
- By clicking on line edge add a point (
- By clicking on line node delete a point (
Escto return to Selection mode
Smooth modification of Bezier curve control points
Ctrl key is pressed when a Bezier control point is moved, the program moves the opposite control point so as to make the curve smooth.
Select the line and set the line type in the Properties window. Use
Line type Scale property to change the size of the line segments. For example, a value of 1.3 increases the length of the line segments to 130%.
Select a closed graphic object and choose a type of hatching in the Properties panel.